October 27, 2017

Inside HFES

Farewell to HFES
By Lynn Strother, HFES Executive Director


Workload Assessment Now Available in Print and E-Book Format

Contributing, Supporting, and Sustaining Memberships Boost Our Reach

HFE WOMAN's Annual Luncheon: Austin 2017
By Gabriella M. Hancock, California State University; Ashley Hughes, University of Illinois at Chicago; Tracy Sanders, MITRE Corporation; Nadia Doutcheva, University of Wisconsin-Madison; and Beth Blickensderfer, Embry Riddle Aeronautical University and Education Division Chair

 

HFES Diversity Committee 2017 Annual Meeting Wrap-Up
By Erin Chiou, Arizona State University; Rod Roscoe, Arizona State University; and Abigail Wooldridge, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Recognitions

HFES Honors New Fellows and Awardees at 61st Annual Meeting

Public Policy Matters

NSF Releases a Solicitation for Cyberlearning for Work at the Human-Technology Frontier Program
By Lewis-Burke Associates LLC

 

NIH to Implement New Clinical Trials Policies – Effective January 2018
By Lewis-Burke Associates LLC

Member Milestones

Marras Named Ohio State Distinguished Scholar

 

Inside HFES 

Farewell to HFES

By Lynn Strother, HFES Executive Director
 

                 Lynn Strother

On a sunny day in Santa Monica in June of 1981, I walked the five blocks from my home to an address on Montana Avenue, where I was about to be interviewed for the part-time position of production editor for an organization called The Human Factors Society. I had started a career in scientific publishing during my senior year in college in Philadelphia, but had been doing freelance writing and editorial work for the previous two years while staying at home to be with my baby daughter. I was eager to get back to work, and this job seemed perfect.
 
Little did I imagine that, all these years later and with the baby daughter having two daughters of her own, I would be retiring from that very same organization (albeit with “and Ergonomics” added to its name).
 
So much has changed since my first years with “HFS,” when the most advanced technology in the office was an IBM Selectric Typewriter and the hold button on the telephone! What has not changed is how wonderful are the members, staff, and partners whom I have gotten to know and interact with over the years. I was lucky enough to know some of the founders of the field and the Society, as well as all of the presidents, Executive Council members, Division chairs, and volunteers in TGs, chapters, committees, and task forces. All of you have touched my life in ways that you can never imagine, and I am so grateful to have been a part of this wonderful field.
 
Our team at the HFES Central Office is a small and close-knit bunch—Lois Smith, Carlos de Falla, Stefanie Alexander, Susan Marschner, and Steve Stafford are instrumental in providing the person-power that keeps the Society going day to day. Our partners at Prestige Accommodations International—Steve Marlin, Laurie Ybarra, and Christine Reinhard in particular—work with the HFES staff to bring you our Annual Meeting, Health Care Symposium, and ErgoX. SAGE publishes our journals, and Lewis-Burke Associates provides expertise in advocacy to the federal government and its agencies. We have a wealth of other partners who keep the servers running, program our Web site, design our graphics, assist with marketing and public relations, and so much more.
 
So you will be in good hands with all of these folks, and also with Julie Freeman, our interim executive director, who has met with us at the office and at the Annual Meeting in Austin. Julie starts on October 30, and I trust that she will do a great job in this transitional year as HFES searches for a new permanent executive director.
 
It has been the honor and privilege of my professional life to serve as HFES executive director, and I will miss you! I’m not entirely retiring or leaving the field, however, as I have recently been hired to consult part-time with the International Ergonomics Association as the first administrator of its newly established secretariat. I’m hoping that this opportunity will allow me to stay in touch with the discipline and with many of you, as well providing me with the chance to meet and work with many more people around the world. So I hope to see you at the IEA meeting in Florence, Italy, next August.
 
In the meantime, however, know that I leave HFES with a heart full of gratitude for the splendid send-off I received in Austin (and especially to 2017 President Nancy Cooke and Secretary-Treasurer Camille Peres, who were its chief architects). It was an unforgettable experience.
 
So farewell for now. I wish the Society and all of its members continued success and good fortune in the years to come.

 

 

Inside HFES 

Workload Assessment Now Available in Print and E-Book Format

Now available for purchase is the second book in the "Users’ Guides to Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods" series, Workload Assessment: How to Diagnose Workload Issues and Enhance Performance. Authors Gerald Matthews and Lauren Reinerman-Jones present a comprehensive, systematic approach to evaluating workload measures and to designing studies to maximize the value obtained from the measures.
 
No other single volume in the current literature deals exclusively with workload assessments. In this book, you’ll find

  • Basic concepts in both workload theory and applications in a variety of domains

  • A comprehensive survey of leading self-report, performance-based, and psychophysiological measures

  • A checklist to ensure assessment quality

  • Two detailed workload examples to illustrate practical applications. 

Purchase a print copy from HFES today, or go to Amazon for the e-book. Workload Assessment aims to assist researchers, practitioners, and graduate students. To inquire about adopting the book for courses, please contact Lois Smith.
 


Inside HFES 

Contributing, Supporting, and Sustaining Memberships Boost Our Reach

During the membership application or renewal process, all members have the opportunity to support HFES above the level of Regular membership through Contributing, Supporting, and Sustaining membership. At the Contributing level, members voluntarily increase their Regular dues by 50%, and Supporting members increase their dues by 100%. View the levels of support for Sustaining membership.
 
Sustaining, Supporting, and Contributing members are acknowledged on the HFES Web site and in other printed materials.
 
HFES thanks the following individuals for their 2017 contributions to furthering the Society’s services and activities.
 
Contributing Members

Aadel Al-Jadda
Thomas J. Albin
David M. Andrews
Linda S. Angell
Michael C. Bartha
Carolyn K. Bensel
Barry L. Berson
Alvah C. Bittner
Brenda J. Burkhart
Susan Claprood-Wagner
James E. Duhig
Rinzou Ebukuro
Kristin Engdahl
Elizabeth P. Goodrich
Paul Allan Green
Patricia M. Jones
John Falk Kelley
J. Matthew Kennedy
Joan Kleman Kuenzi
Kenneth Nemire
Thomas B. Pinson
Kathleen M. Robinette
Bryce G. Rutter
Mark S. Sanders
Mark W. Scerbo
Paul J. Schroeder
Cathy Swider
David R. Thom
Jackie Ulaszek
Christopher D. Wickens 

Supporting Members

Stanley H. Caplan
Jeanette A. Griver
Andrew S. Imada
Michael E. Maddox
Ian Nimmo
 

Individual Sustaining Members
 
Platinum

Waldemar Karwowski 

Gold

Haydee M. Cuevas

Silver

Jesper Brosted
Kay Ashley Newell

 
View the list of organizational Sustaining Members.

 


Inside HFES 

HFE WOMAN’s Annual Luncheon: Austin 2017

By Gabriella M. Hancock, California State University; Ashley Hughes, University of Illinois at Chicago; Tracy Sanders, MITRE Corporation; Nadia Doutcheva, University of Wisconsin-Madison; and Beth Blickensderfer, Embry Riddle Aeronautical University and Education Division Chair
 

Beth Blickensderfer, Ashley Hughes, Gabriella Hancock, and Carol Stuart-Buttle
 

We are thrilled to recount that 154 students and practitioners attended the HFE Women’s Organization for Mentoring and Networking (HFE WOMAN) luncheon at this year’s annual meeting in Austin, Texas! We reached the maximum capacity for the venue and more than doubled our attendance from last year’s gathering in Washington, D.C. As to the organizers of this event, we are inspired by the overwhelming positive response to, growth of, and support for this group.

Opportunities to develop collaborations abounded, as there was a fairly even split between students and nonstudents, yielding an average length of HFES membership of about 5.5 years. Eight of the participants reported that they work full-time while attending school. Excitingly, the scope of women in careers broadened compared with last year (government, industry, and academia), and attendees who work for nonprofit organizations lent their unique experiences to the discussions. Colleagues from the United States and the following countries contributed to the conversations and voiced international HF/E concerns: Australia, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Germany, India, Israel, Latvia, Mexico, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Vietnam.

HFES Fellow Carol Stuart-Buttle, founder of Stuart-Buttle Ergonomics, executive director of the Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics (BCPE), and former editor of Ergonomics in Design, addressed the diverse audience as our invited keynote speaker. Stuart-Buttle’s well-received address spoke to the uniqueness of the HFE WOMAN gathering and its efforts to advance the careers of women in the field, particularly with regard to leadership roles. She also emphasized the importance of seeking out effective and supportive mentors (both female and male) throughout one’s career to help in opening the myriad doors to professional development.

Interdisciplinary mentors were present in abundance. When asked to identify their area of expertise, most attendees identified as psychology and engineering, but numerous alternatives were also reported, including HSI practitioner, UX researcher and designer, applied psychologist, computer scientist, data analyst, consultant, HF engineer, occupational therapist, cognitive decision-making scientist, and polymath. The diversity of professional roles was perhaps best summarized by one attendee, who wrote, "I wanna be everything!"

When asked about how to improve the event for next year, attendees suggested holding multiple events, generating a webinar series to implement the goals expressed during the luncheon throughout the year, and inviting male colleagues who are devoted to forwarding the group's mission. To this end, the committee is forming subcommittees that can further advance these ideas. We sincerely hope that Annual Meeting attendees will also check their programs next year for the session discussing future directions for HFE WOMAN. We look forward to seeing you all in Philly!

 


Inside HFES 

HFES Diversity Committee 2017 Annual Meeting Wrap-Up

By Erin Chiou, Arizona State University; Rod Roscoe, Arizona State University; and Abigail Wooldridge, University of Wisconsin-Madison
 

At the Annual Meeting, the Diversity Committee (formerly the Diversity Task Force) led a panel session, “The HFES Diversity Committee: Challenges and Opportunities for Involvement.” Faculty, student, and professional panelists addressed current HFES demographics and activities (Erin Chiou), implicit biases and why diversity and inclusion matter (Abigail Wooldridge), industry activities for global diversity and inclusion exemplified by Boeing (Euniqué Mosqueda), microlevel actions with students for macrolevel impact (Morgan Price), and strategies for overcoming practical and political challenges (Rod Roscoe).
 
Panelists were asked whether the committee and HFES members should focus on increasing diversity and inclusion within the Society, educational institutions, and/or the field as a whole—each level may have different processes and outputs. Panelists unanimously agreed “all of the above.” They noted that these goals will require years and strong communication to achieve and emphasized that HFES could be a leader or organizing force. Below are specific examples of activities, meaningful dialogue, shared ideas, and encouragement.
 
Culture of Inclusion
One panelist quoted Vernā Myers, “Diversity is being invited to the party. Inclusion is getting asked to dance.” Yet, an audience member asked, what can we personally do about implicit biases? Audience members knew of the Implicit Association Test and acknowledged debates on whether training reduces implicit bias. Panelists suggested practical steps to address implicit bias, including (a) build self-awareness, (b) pause before judging others (i.e., "Why am I thinking that?"), (c) foster curiosity, and (d) seek allies.
 
Institutionally, there may be resistance to challenging the status quo. It is essential to promote diversity not just in race, gender, and ethnicity but also in thought and personality. Creating supportive spaces for marginalized groups to thrive and cross-pollinate is valuable. Panelist Mosqueda reported that Boeing has successfully formed and supported “affinity groups.” The 2017 HFES Women’s Lunch at Max’s Wine Dive exemplifies one such group, where women were encouraged to share and celebrate their successes. Another audience member highlighted Google’s research on teams and the value of enforcing “equal time on the floor” (e.g., meeting chairs inviting and eliciting broad participation and enforcing fair discourse).
 
Outreach and Education
Audience members recommended looking beyond engineering and creating opportunities for students of color as examples to draw on when increasing diversity within HFES. At universities, inclusion may involve resisting the lure of GRE scores to “filter” applicants. Instead, holistic assessments might embrace the complexities of applicants’ backgrounds, skills, and personal resources (e.g., “grit”). The audience also discussed designing experiential courses in diversity and inclusion, and outreach and partnerships with middle and high schools to develop pipelines for future students and members. Other professional societies, such as the American Library Association and the Society of Women Engineers, were cited as example networks for diversity and inclusion initiatives.
 
Lessons From Student Chapters
The Diversity Committee directly engaged HFES student leaders, and several committee members (e.g., Chair Pascale Carayon) attended the Student Chapter Presidents’ luncheon. Student leaders from across North America shared their recruitment and retention efforts. HFES rewards student chapter outreach and collaboration activities that often touch upon diversity, so providing a forum for sharing these activities is valuable. Overall, student activities focused on personal and professional development that would bring together many different students and student interests —for example, marketable skills, networking events, industry tours, design competitions, and a mentor/mentee program that pairs senior students with junior students—as ways to increase membership and diversity in their chapters. For larger events, some partnered with chapters from nearby universities.
 
One student noted that student homogeneity in their engineering psychology department was an issue for diversity in the chapter. Another student noted they had the opposite issue and a challenge for inclusion; they realized that pockets of international students who were absent from early events were less comfortable communicating in English. The student chapters respectively responded by promoting cross-department and cross-school events to increase diversity through outreach and by organizing shared spaces for practicing English. Many students were also leaders in other groups and described partnerships with the Native American student group, the veteran student group, and the National Society of Black Engineers.
 
More Ways to Take Action
From the panel, audience participation, and subsequent dialogue at the Annual Meeting, a variety of potential future actions emerged.
 
Organizationally

  • Develop a new award related to inclusion and diversity. Awards communicate what societies value.

  • Provide representative role models. If local role models are lacking, invite collaborators and guest lecturers.

 
Interpersonally
  • Use video chat as a low-cost venue for mentoring and connecting individuals of diverse backgrounds.

  • Cultivate awareness of the supportive situations we create for others. Allow people to stumble, and engage rather than cringe.

 
Professionally
  • Continue to advocate for examining systemic issues, appreciating complexity, and understanding human limitations and capabilities.

  • Act now, lean in, show up, and build energy. In both research and advocacy, ideas are plenty, execution is hard. As one panel audience member put it, “Don’t wait for people to come to you, go out there and bring a chair.”

 
If you would like to be involved in HFES diversity and inclusion initiatives, please contact Erin Chiou.

 
The authors thank the Diversity Committee members, especially Pascale Carayon (inaugural committee chair); our fellow panelists Euniqué Mosqueda, and Morgan Price, and our inspiring audience; Student Affairs Committee Chair, Linsey Steege; and to the many students who participated in the luncheon.

 


Recognitions 

HFES Honors New Fellows and 2017 Awardees at 61st Annual Meeting

On October 10, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society recognized a number of individuals for distinguished contributions to HFES and the human factors/ergonomics profession during the Opening Plenary Session in Austin, Texas.
 
Five individuals were named as Fellows. Election to Fellow status is an honor conferred by distinguished colleagues to recognize outstanding achievement, consistently superior professional performance, exceptional contributions, service to the Society, and other meritorious accomplishments by Society Full Members.

  • David N. Aurelio, Dassault Systems SA Solidworks

  • Robert R. Fox, General Motors

  • Dietrich Manzey,  Berlin Institute of Technology

  • Nadine Sarter, University of Michigan

  • Pamela A. Savage-Knepshield, U.S. Army Research Laboratory 


The Society congratulates the following winners of HFES awards.
 
Arnold M. Small President’s Distinguished Service Award
Lynn Strother, HFES Executive Director. Strother was honored for her more than 30 years of service to the Society, on the occasion of her retirement. She is a past president of the Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives.
 
Hal W. Hendrick Distinguished International Colleague Award
Elias Apud, Universidad de Concepcion, Chile. honors a non-U.S. citizen for distinguished contributions to the field. Apud is a pioneer in bringing ergonomics to South America through working with students who have spread knowledge about the HF/E in several South American countries. He has been very active in activities of the International Ergonomics Association aimed at promoting the field in developing countries.
 
Paul M. Fitts Education Award
Ann M. Bisantz, University at Buffalo, SUNY. award recognizes a person for exceptional contributions to the education and training of human factors specialists. Bisantz has advised 18 PhD students and more than 20 MS students, and has served on the PhD committees of another 17 students. Across all of these students, 13 are currently in academic positions, training future HF/E professionals.
 
Jack A. Kraft Innovator Award
Robert G. Radwin, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Radwin has tirelessly worked to extend and diversify the application of HF/E principles and methods to new and important endeavors, including occupational safety and health care. His insightful analysis of the underlying issues affecting performance and safety, innovative application of HF/E methods, and novel solutions to complex problems have had a significant impact at both the individual and societal levels.
 
A. R. Lauer Safety Award
John G. Casali, Virginia Tech. This award recognizes a person for contributions to the broad area of safety. Casali founded and developed the Auditory Systems Research Laboratory at Virginia Tech. Through this lab and his work, Casali has improved safety across several industrial sectors, including military, construction, long-haul trucking, short-haul trucking, product development, aviation, mining, manufacturing, health care, and public safety.
 
William C. Howell Young Investigator Award
Ranjana Mehta, Texas A&M University. This award recognizes a person for demonstrating outstanding contributions to HFES through professional scientific contributions as a young investigator. Since receiving a PhD in industrial and systems engineering, human factors, and ergonomics in 2011 from Virginia Tech, Mehta and has made significant scientific contributions in the area of neuroergonomics and health science with applications to problems that include oil and gas ergonomics, stress and fatigue, obesity, and the effects of pesticides in children.
 
Bentzi Karsh Early-Career Service Award
Joseph R. Keebler, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Keebler has demonstrated outstanding contributions to HFES through professional service and outreach activities as a student and early career professional. Among his many volunteer positions within HFES, Keebler served as president of the University of Central Florida Student Chapter, session chair or cochair at numerous Annual Meetings, chair of the National Ergonomics Month Committee, program chair for the Education Technical Group, and track cochair and incoming chair of the International Symposium on Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care.
 
Alphonse Chapanis Student Paper Award
Robin Mickelson for "Capturing the Medication Management Work System of Older Adults Using a Digital Diary Method." This paper, coauthored by Richard J. Holden, was selected from among 43 submissions accepted for the Annual Meeting and was one of three finalist papers presented in Austin before the judging committee.
 
Jerome H. Ely Human Factors Article Award
Christopher D. Wickens, Robert Gutzwiller, Alex Vieane, Benjamin A. Clegg, Angelia Sebok, and Jess Janes, for  "Time Sharing Between Robotics and Process Control: Validating a Model of Attention Switching."
 
Best Ergonomics in Design Article Award
Joseph B. Lyons, Nhut T. Ho, Kolina, S. Koltai, Mark Skoog, Artemio Cancanindin, and Walter W. Johnson, for "Trust Based Analysis of an Air Force Collision-Avoidance System."
 
Best Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making Article Award
David Johnston and Ben W. Morrison, for "The Application of Naturalistic Decision-Making Techniques to Explore Cue Use in Rugby League Players."
 
Human Factors Prize Recognizing Excellence in Human Factors/Ergonomics Research (2017 Topic: Cybersecurity)
Ben D. Sawyer and Peter A. Hancock for "Hacking the Human: The Prevalence Paradox in Cyber Attack and Cyber Defense."
 


Public Policy Matters 

NSF Releases Solicitation for Cyberlearning for Work at the Human-Technology Frontier Program

By Lewis-Burke Associates LLC

The National Science Foundation (NSF) recently published a solicitation for the “Cyberlearning for Work at the Human-Technology Frontier” program, which aims to advance innovative technologies that facilitate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and re-education for those entering an increasingly technological workforce. This solicitation is a revised version of the “Cyberlearning and Future Learning Technologies” program and advances the Agency’s “Work at the Human-Technology Frontier” Big Idea. This is also an ideal opportunity for HF/E experts to ensure that human factors/ergonomics is incorporated into future training programs for a more technologically integrated workforce.
 
This interdisciplinary program integrates education and learning sciences, computer and information science and engineering, and cognitive and behavioral sciences in pursuit of experimental cyberlearning technologies. The solicitation includes the directorates for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE); Education and Human Resources (EHR); Engineering (ENG); and Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences (SBE). Projects should demonstrate innovations in both technology and learning, and should address the following:

  • "Design and develop future learning environments to educate or re-educate workers for new work environments and experiences in collaboration with advanced technology;

  • develop relevant formal and informal learning experiences as well as just-in-time training on the job;

  • support the needs of diverse workers from a broad set of backgrounds and experiences; and

  • support the future work of teachers in classrooms and other related settings."

NSF anticipates making $15 million available for approximately 20 awards, with individual awards of up to $750,000 over a maximum of three years. No cost share is required. The submission deadline for full proposals is January 8, 2018, and then annually on the second Monday in January.
 
Sources and Additional Information:


Lewis-Burke Associates LLC, a leading Washington, D.C.-based government relations and consulting firm, represents the public policy interests of scientific societies and institutions of higher education. Lewis-Burke's staff of government relations professionals works to promote the federal research and policy goals of HFES and the HF/E community.

 

Public Policy Matters 

NIH to Implement New Clinical Trials Policies – Effective January 2018

By Lewis-Burke Associates LLC

Beginning in October 2014, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) began the process of instituting new clinical trials policies with its announcement of the Notice of Revised NIH Definition of "Clinical Trial." These policies were crafted to meet the goal of improved reporting and transparency. The new policies affect grant applications submitted on or after January 25, 2018. Of importance to HFES members,  the term clinical trial is broadly defined and now includes a wide range of basic behavioral and social science studies.

Following input from the social and behavioral sciences research community through a public comment period in 2016, as well as outreach to NIH, the NIH Office of Extramural Research and the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) have released resources for investigators to help determine whether studies are deemed clinical trials and which forms and procedures investigators must complete. Resources include:

  • OBSSR Connector – Director’s Voice, a blog written by OBSSR Director Bill Riley, including "Clinical Trials Policies: A Rose by Any Other Name" (August 2017)

  • Open Mike, the blog by  Deputy Director for Extramural Research Michael Lauer, which includes "4 Questions for Researchers and Institutions Involved in Human Subjects Research" (August 2017)

  • "NIH Definition of Clinical Trial Case Studies" (September 2017)

HFES will continue to keep investigators apprised of the NIH clinical trials policies and implementation and will share resources to improve the transition to this system. The Society has been engaged with members of the social and behavioral sciences research community, including other societies and federal agency officials, on this topic and will continue to participate in these conversations.



Lewis-Burke Associates LLC, a leading Washington, D.C.-based government relations and consulting firm, represents the public policy interests of scientific societies and institutions of higher education. Lewis-Burke's staff of government relations professionals works to promote the federal research and policy goals of HFES and the HF/E community.
 


Member Milestones 

Marras Named Ohio State Distinguished Scholar

Past President and Fellow William S. Marras was recognized by The Ohio State University as a 2017 Distinguished Scholar. This award, which honors a faculty member for accomplishments in all areas of research and creative endeavor, includes a $20,000 research grant and $3,000 honorarium. Awardees are nominated by colleagues for making exceptional contributions and for demonstrating a significant scholarship role.